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The surveillance and control programmes for Salmonella in live animals, eggs and meat in Norway 2012

Heier BT, Tarpai A, Bergsjø B, Sæbø KS, Falk M, Linaker ML, Medhus A, Hofshagen M. The surveillance and control programme forSalmonellain live animals, eggs and meat in Norway 2012. Surveillance and control programmes for terrestrial and aquatic animals in Norway. Annual report 2012. Oslo: Norwegian Veterinary Institute 2013. 

The occurrence of Salmonella in Norwegian production animals and animal products is very low compared to most other countries, and has been so during the last decades.

The recorded incidence of human salmonellosis has increased in Norway during the last three decades. However, the overall situation seems to have been stable the last years. For the majority of salmonellosis cases (approximately 75-80%), the patients have acquired the disease abroad.

As it is very important to maintain this favourable situation in Norway, the Norwegian Salmonella surveillance and control programmes were established in 1995, and launched simultaneously with comparable programmes in Sweden and Finland. These programmes are approved by the EU Commission (EFTA Surveillance Authority Decision No. 68/95/COL of 19.06.1995), allowing Norway to require additional guarantees regarding Salmonella when importing live animals, feed and food products of animal origin from the European Union.

The surveillance covers live animals (pigs, poultry and cattle) and fresh meat (pigs and cattle).  Any Salmonella isolated in the programme irrespectively of serovar, is notifiable to the Norwegian Food Safety Authority which maintains overall responsibility. WhenSalmonellais isolated, action is taken to eliminate the infection, prevent transmission, and prevent contamination of food products.

The Norwegian Veterinary Institute coordinates the surveillance programmes, examines the faecal samples and publishes the results in monthly and annual reports. Private laboratories perform the examination of samples collected at slaughterhouses and cold stores.

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NVI authors

Heier Berit Tafjord

Fagansvarlig zoonoser/seniorforsker

Bergsjø Bjarne


Sæbø Kirsti Sandnes


Hofshagen Merete