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Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) ơ3 protein binds dsRNA

Wessel Ø, Nyman IB, Markussen T,Dahle MK, Rimstad E,. Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) ơ3 protein binds dsRNA. Virus Res. 2015 Jan 14;198C:22-29.

Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) has a double-stranded, segmented RNA genome and belongs to the family Reoviridae. PRV is the causative agent of heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and cause intraerythrocytic inclusions. The virus is widespread in both wild and farmed salmonid fish in Europe, North- and South America. In mammalian orthoreovirus (MRV), the outer capsid protein ơ3 has dsRNA binding properties, which serve to inhibit the early innate immune response of the host. Important structural motifs and key amino acid residues are conserved between MRV ơ3 and the homologous PRV protein, and we hypothesized that PRV ơ3 binds dsRNA. Gene regions and amino acid residues predicted to be important for dsRNA binding were determined through bioinformatic analysis and investigated functionally following site-directed mutagenesis and the generation of truncated ơ3 variants. Our results provide evidence that the PRV protein ơ3 binds dsRNA in a sequence independent manner, thus sharing this function with MRV ơ3. Although no specific domain solely responsible for dsRNA binding was determined, the results point to residues within a predominantly basic region to be important for this functional property. We conclude that multiple sites are involved in the dsRNA binding activity of PRV ơ3.

NVI authors