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Reportable diseases in reindeer

Godfroid J, Nymo IH, Larsen AK, Åsbakk K, Josefsen TD. Meldepliktige sykdommer hos rein. [Reportable diseases in reindeer]. Norsk veterinærtidsskrift 2014; 126(2): 241-247 (In Norwegian with English summary).

Foot and mouth disease, brucellosis, tuberculosis and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are reportable diseases categorized in group A and B, i.e. diseases for which eradication programs and contingency plans have been implemented in livestock in Europe. No cases of natural infections of foot and mouth disease and tuberculosis have been reported in reindeer or caribou in the Arctic, apart from limited outbreaks having occurred some decades ago in the former Soviet Union. Rangiferine brucellosis, caused by Brucella suis biovar 4, is prevalent in Russia, Canada and Alaska. Chronic wasting disease occurs as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in certain species of native North American deer, but the disease in such species has never been identified outside North America. None of the above mentioned diseases are observed in reindeer in Norway, but Norwegian reindeers may in the future be exposed to infection from other reindeer populations, livestock and wild species. Infection may spread rapidly in the reindeer population since reindeer traditionally migrate between summer and winter pastures, and also traditionally mingle with different herds at different times of the year. Norway has an exceptionally favorable situation with regard to infectious diseases, both in domestic and wild species, and this can only be maintained by careful monitoring and emergency response across species, including reindeer.

NVI authors

Josefsen Terje Domaas

Veterinary pathologist (permisjon)